The Terai

When people think of Nepal, the first thing that comes to mind are the spectacular Himalaya, however there is so much more to Nepal. The Terai is the region in southern Nepal,  bordering India which is a lowland plain region, with dense forests, grassland and marshes. The Tharu people are the original  inhabitants of the region.

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park is in a sub-tropical region of the Terai and is rich in flora and fauna. The park is a great place to view the wildlife of Nepal which include the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros and gharial crocodile. There is also an elephant breeding centre and elephant safaris and boat trips are very popular.


One of the holiest places in Nepal, Lumbini is the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama in 563BC who became Gautama Buddha after achieving enlightenment. The Mayadevi Temple can be found in Lumbini which is believed to be situated at the site of Buddha’s birthplace.


Daman is possibly the greatest place in Nepal for viewing the Himalayas including spectacular views of Mount Everest and many of the other highest peaks in the country. There is also a botanical garden situated in Daman which highlights the local flora.

Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park is the largest National Park in Nepal but has much less visitors than Chitwan and great opportunities for wildlife spotting including wild Asian elephants, Bengal tigers and one-horned rhinoceros . Around 70% of the park is covered with forest and is home to the Tharu people.

Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve

The Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve is in the western region of the Terai and is characterised by open grassland, forest and tropical wetland. Animals that can be found in the Reserve include the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, sloth bear, Asian elephant and swamp deer.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Koshi Tappu is the smallest of the Terai’s Wildlife Reserves and is situated in Eastern Nepal. It comprises mainly of mudflats, reed beds and marshes however is an excellent place for bird watching with over 400 species of birds. Other animals in the region include Asian elephants, various species of deer and otters.

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