In Armenia, the climate is continental, with cold winters and hot summers, and usually with little rain. Armenia is a mountainous country, and only a small portion of its territory is located below 1,000 metres (3,300 feet) above sea level, while there are no plains: the climate becomes both colder and wetter (and snowy in winter as well) with increasing altitude, while at lower elevations the rains are scarce and the summer is very hot. The driest region, where precipitation drops below 300 millimetres (12 inches) per year, is the west, which includes the capital, and its altitude goes below 1,000 meters (3,300 feet).
In winter, cold air masses predominate, and after having reached the country from the north, they tend to stagnate in the valleys, causing severe frosts; spring is a volatile season and sees the most frequent rains, though generally they remain not abundant, because as mentioned, this country is generally arid, at least at lower elevations. Summer is dry and sunny, but with some afternoon thunderstorms in the mountains.
From the mountains, a down-
The capital Yerevan is located at 800 meters (2,600 feet) above sea level, therefore at the lowest altitudes of the country, and has an average temperature in January of -
In Gyumri, 525 mm (20 in) of rain (or snow) per year fall, confirming the rule that the areas located at higher altitudes receive more rainfall. Here, even in summer sometimes it can rain because of afternoon thunderstorms, which can occur in the mountains, and therefore the driest season (at least in quantity) is winter, when precipitation, though not abundant, always occurs in the form of snow, while the wettest period runs from April to June: in May and June the thunderstorms are a bit more frequent, because a bit of cold air can still arrive at high altitudes, increasing the thermal contrasts, while in July and August the atmosphere becomes warmer even at high elevations, and therefore it becomes more stable.
Sevan, located at 2,000 meters (6,600 feet) above sea level, on the lake of the same name, in winter is not colder than Gyumri, because the waters of the lake slightly mitigate the climate: in fact the average in January is -
In a year, the rainfall amounts to about 500 mm (20 in), again with a maximum between spring and early summer, and a minimum in winter.
TOURS & TREKS IN ARMENIA